When the seed is ripe, the endocarp may appear to be a film over it, giving it a frosty or whitish appearance. Springer, Cham, 2018. 1 decade ago. Cook, Robert E. "Attractions of the flesh." The species is variable because of selection pressure by humans to produce larger, fleshier fruits with a thinner exocarp. They are often eaten in salads, and in many parts of the world they are eaten as a dessert. The Hass avocado is a cultivar of avocado with dark green–colored, bumpy skin. , Avocado trees are vulnerable to bacterial, viral, fungal, and nutritional diseases (excesses and deficiencies of key minerals). Rudie, as friends called him, mostly succeeded in that. And while it would probably take a lot to get sick, it is best to stay on the safe side when it comes to seeds or any food if you are not sure. The Ettinger is most often grown in Israel and has a bright green skin, large seed, and mild flavor. The Mexican government then proposed to sell avocados only to the northeastern US in the winter (fruit flies cannot withstand extreme cold). Avocado seed is coated with two brown thin papery layer that is lightly attached to its ivory colored core.. Avocado fruits range from 150 grams to more than a kilo in weight. Hard lumps in flesh of avocado fruit. Lv 7. Generally, avocado is served raw, though some cultivars, including the common 'Hass', can be cooked for a short time without becoming bitter. In Australia and New Zealand, avocados are commonly served on sandwiches, sushi, toast, or with chicken. The tree can bear hundreds of fruits. In Step Wise Protocols for Somatic Embryogenesis of Important Woody Plants, pp.  The offspring is unlikely to be identical to the parent cultivar in fruit quality. Avocado trees require frequent, deep watering to bear optimally, particularly in spring, summer, and fall.  A water jar shaped like an avocado, dating to AD 900, was discovered in the pre-Incan city of Chan Chan. Avocado trees produce clusters of small, green-yellow flowers at the end of twigs and a large, fleshy, pear-shaped fruit with a single large seed. Seeds are produced in several related groups of plants, and their manner of production distinguishes the angiosperms ("enclosed seeds") from the gymnosperms ("naked seeds"). The size of avocado seeds is what’s called an evolutionary anachronism — a trait that evolved to interact with something that no longer exists. Some fruits have layers of both hard and fleshy material. The fruit is not sweet, but distinctly and subtly flavored, with smooth texture. Disease can affect all parts of the plant, causing spotting, rotting, cankers, pitting, and discoloration. Pierce the seed with three toothpicks.  The symptoms include gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, congestion, fluid accumulation around the tissues of the heart, and even death. CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020 (, Sumario de la natural historia de las Indias, Learn how and when to remove this template message, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul, "Growing avocados: flowering, pollination and fruit set", "Domestication and Significance of Persea americana, the Avocado, in Mesoamerica", 10.3100/1043-4534(2007)12[325:TAPALC]2.0.CO;2, "Simple technologies and diverse food strategies of the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene at Huaca Prieta, Coastal Peru", "El aguacate: Oro verde de México, orgullo de Michoacán", "Why the Avocado Should Have Gone the Way of the Dodo", "Avocado: The Early Roots of Avocado History", "All About Avocados: History of the Hass Avocado", Nahuatl Dictionary/Diccionario del náhuatl, "Twiggy squares up to Sainsbury's in the avocado wars", "Avocado holds promise for Wayanad farmers", "How much water does it take to grow an avocado? It may also be mixed into coffee, tea, or other beverages to mask the bitter taste of the pit. The seed contains about 70 percent of the total nutrients in the whole avocado. Angiosperm seeds are produced in a hard or fleshy structure called a fruit that encloses the seeds for protection in order to secure healthy growth. At the center of the avocado is its seed. Sources:  The oldest discovery of an avocado pit comes from Coxcatlan Cave, dating from around 9,000 to 10,000 years ago. Terminal and lateral grafting is normally used. Earlier this month, Nourish Me Whole published a post explaining how to eat the seed of an avocado. They are said to have "stones" or "pits" rather than seeds (example: peaches). One-fifth of a medium avocado (1 oz.) Avocados also contain phytosterols and carotenoids, such as lutein and zeaxanthin.. Prime quality varieties are therefore propagated by grafting to rootstocks that are propagated by seed (seedling rootstocks) or by layering (clonal rootstocks). They are also commonly added to pozole. In the United Kingdom, the avocado became available during the 1960s when introduced by Sainsbury's under the name 'avocado pear'. 305-328. In fact, there was a surge in demand causing prices to rise as well.. Then they open as male in the afternoon of the second day. It weighs up to 15 ounces, is plump in size, and it has a small- to medium-sized seed. The Fuerte avocado, which has thin green skin, does not change in appearance when ripe.  They are sold both dried and fresh, toasted before use, and either crumbled or used whole, commonly in bean dishes. , After the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect in 1994, Mexico tried exporting avocados to the US. Seed production. It is also common to serve layered multiple fruit juices in a glass (locally called Spris) made of avocados, mangoes, bananas, guavas, and papayas. In the presence of oxygen, an enzyme avocados contain, called polyphenol oxidase, aids the conversion of phenolic compounds to another class of compounds, quinones. Some supermarkets sell ripened avocados which have been treated with synthetic ethylene to hasten ripening. Avocado is a primary ingredient in avocado soup. Avocados must be mature to ripen properly. Here is how you can grow your very own avocado tree from seed. , The earliest residents were living in temporary camps in an ancient wetland eating avocados, chilies, mollusks, sharks, birds, and sea lions. During the coronavirus pandemic, Mexican avocado farmers slowed harvesting thinking that consumption would drop.  The Mexican state of Michoacán is the world leader in avocado production, accounting for 80% of all Mexican output. The powder was then analyzed further, which was found to contain three teaspoons of seed husk oil and about one ounce of seed husk wax. It should split in four to six weeks and yield roots and a sprout. And most important according to study, 70% the antioxidant content of avocado is lay on its seed. The variations in seed size are dependent on the type of avocado. Despite the many different types of avocados, they all share the same parts. Due to increased Southern California water costs, they are now costly to grow. Once picked, avocados ripen in one to two weeks (depending on the cultivar) at room temperature (faster if stored with other fruits such as apples or bananas, because of the influence of ethylene gas). The avocado fruit is poisonous to some birds, and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) lists it as toxic to horses. Chocolate syrup is sometimes added.  It probably coevolved with extinct megafauna. Then, grate the seed or grind it into a powder using a coffee bean grinder or a high-powered blender. The avocado (Persea americana), a tree likely originating from south central Mexico, is classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The flesh of some avocados may be rendered inedible by heat.  In Brazil, Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia, a dessert drink is made with sugar, milk or water, and pureed avocado.  Other caves in the Tehuacan Valley from around the same time period also show early evidence for the presence and consumption of avocado. In South America, some call it la manzana del invierno, “the apple of the winter.” But if you happen to be in North , The word "avocado" comes from the Spanish aguacate, which in turn comes from the Nahuatl word āhuacatl [aːˈwakat͡ɬ], which goes back to the proto-Aztecan *pa:wa which also meant "avocado". Use the toothpicks as supports, placing the avocado seed atop a glass with enough water in it to touch the bottom of the avocado. Persea americana is a tree that grows to 20 m (66 ft), with alternately arranged leaves 12–25 cm (5–10 in) long. The flesh of the fruit also varies in appearance depending on the variety of avocado. Avocado in Traditional and Folkloric Medicine For Skin Problems. Avocado peel benefits are similar to those of the flesh, such as lowering cholesterol, aiding in weight loss, and preventing cancer. However, there is evidence for three possible separate domestications of the avocado, resulting in the currently recognized Mexican (aoacatl), Guatemalan (quilaoacatl), and West Indian (tlacacolaocatl) landraces. In the Philippines, Brazil, Indonesia, Vietnam, and southern India (especially the coastal Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka region), avocados are frequently used for milkshakes and occasionally added to ice cream and other desserts. Avocado is a fruit.. More specifically, botanists define it as a large berry with a single seed. Avocados, like other berries, also have a thin almost unnoticeable inner layer around the seed (pit). Avocados contain flavonoids which combat bacterial and fungal overgrowth in the mouth, effectively reducing the likelihood of halitosis occurring. 'Hass' avocados from Peru are seasonally available to consumers from May through September and are promoted under the auspices of the Peruvian Avocado Commission, headquartered in Washington, D.C. Other avocado cultivars include 'Spinks'. How to Use and Where to Find. ‹ › × Posted by: Muddydud (1 point) Posted: September 27, 2014 3 Comments David Hughes commented, what color are they? , Species of flowering plant in the laurel family Lauraceae, Avocado-related international trade issues, intermingled in a trade or cultural sense, but not necessarily a genetic one. A: Like most seeds, they are a concentrated source of nutrients, fiber, and a variety of antioxidants. I'm sure it's a seed.Search for it in Wikipedia,under Avocado,then Cultivation. In Sri Lanka, their well-ripened flesh, thoroughly mashed or pureed with milk and kitul treacle (a liquid jaggery made from the sap of the inflorescence of jaggery palms), is a common dessert. Seed production. because of the attachment of  In Haiti, they are often consumed with cassava or regular bread for breakfast. Avocados used in commerce are picked hard and green and kept in coolers at 3.3 to 5.6 °C (37.9 to 42.1 °F) until they reach their final destination. Avocados can be found at most grocery stores. Karl Bruce has been a writer since 2009, writing a variety of articles for eHow. has 50 calories and contributes nearly 20 vitamins and minerals, making it a tasty choice for a nutritious and healthy diet. There are some reasons to think that the fruit, with its mildly toxic pit, may have coevolved with Pleistocene megafauna to be swallowed whole and excreted in their dung, ready to sprout. The fruits can be purple to green in color with smooth or warty skin depending on variety. The Zutano avocado has flesh that is light in texture with a pale green color. The avocado seed contains anti-tumor properties, especially the potent antioxidants called flavonols. Wash, seed and peel the fruit 2.  Avocados are also a good source of vitamins B, E, and C, copper and fiber; their potassium content is higher than bananas. Studies carried out to find the medicinal properties of avocado seeds make use of the dried seeds. Yet, a new viral video claims an avocado seed is actually the most nutrient-dense part of the fruit.  There is evidence for avocado use at Norte Chico civilization sites in Peru by at least 3,200 years ago and at Caballo Muerto in Peru from around 3,800 to 4,500 years ago. Modern breeding programs tend to use isolation plots where the chances of cross-pollination are reduced. If you think that an avocado’s nutrition is confined to the yellowish-green flesh and you can trash the skin and the seed, discard that thought. Preparing an avocado seed for consumption. The subtropical species needs a climate without frost and with little wind. Lv 4. Natural History New York, NY 91, no. Avocado seeds can be propagated by being poked with three or four toothpicks about one-third the way up the flat end of the seed then suspended in a glass of warmish water. This is often done by removing the pit from a ripe, unrefrigerated avocado fruit. Avocados that fall off the tree ripen on the ground. Commercial orchards produce an average of seven tonnes per hectare each year, with some orchards achieving 20 tonnes per hectare. The Bacon variety of avocado has flesh that is a greenish-yellow, while the Pinkerton variety has pale, creamy green flesh. , The avocado tree can be grown domestically and used as a decorative houseplant. In a 2013 study published in the journal Pharmaceutical Biology , researchers from the University of Antioquia in Medellin, Colombia found that extract from avocado fruit … Like many other fruits that brown rapidly, such as apples and bananas, avocados contain a common culprit in their chemical makeup, an enzyme called polyphenol oxidase (PPO). Despite these differences, all avocados are made of the same basic parts. In addition, due to environmental circumstances during some years, seedless avocados may appear on the trees. The species is only partially able to self-pollinate because of dichogamy in its flowering.  For a typical avocado: Although costly to produce, nutrient-rich avocado oil has diverse uses for salads or cooking and in cosmetics and soap products. We already know that avocado, sometimes called an “alligator pear,” is full of nutrients like potassium, magnesium, folate, healthy omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins A, C, E, protein, and fiber.It’s even good for your brain!We also know that avocado can be added to almost anything and still taste great (like in these delicious avocado recipes). B varieties open as female on the afternoon of the first day, close in late afternoon and reopen as male the following morning. Certain cultivars of avocado seem more susceptible to attack by the scale than others. O’Brien, Christopher, Jayeni CA Hiti-Bandaralage, Alice Hayward, and Neena Mitter. Commercially, they ripen after harvesting. 159 views View 3 Upvoters Yield is reduced when the irrigation water is highly saline. The US government continued to resist, but agreed after the Mexican government started erecting barriers to US corn. Avocado Traditional Medicinal Uses and Health benefits . Store avocados at room temperature, keeping in mind that they can take 4-5 days to ripen. Community Answer The most common term is known as "sow". Avocados are a great part of a healthy diet, but what about their seeds or pits? This doesn’t mean they aren’t popular, however, because it is this type of avocado that makes up most of the avocados that come from California. The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed.  In the United States, the avocado was introduced to Florida and Hawaii in 1833 and in California in 1856. I boil the avocado pit. Avocado Seeds Are Edible and Good for You – Fact or Fiction? The earliest known written use in English is attested from 1697 as "avogato pear", a term which was later corrupted as "alligator pear". The cultivar this seed came from is not known and may already have been cross-pollinated when Hass bought it.  The manufacturer says the avocado's leaves and pit are the source of toxicity, and only in the Guatemalan variety of avocados, and the fruit is often eaten by orchard dogs as well as wildlife such as bears and coyotes. But we don’t recommend eating avocado seeds (also called “pits”), largely because there has been little research on their safety. When even a mild frost occurs, premature fruit drop may occur, although the 'Hass' cultivar can tolerate temperatures down to −1 °C. It is normally found on avocado, and in Peru it is said to be the worst insect pest of the fruit.  Fallbrook, California, claims, without official recognition, the title of "Avocado Capital of the World" (also claimed by the town of Uruapan in Mexico), and both Fallbrook and Carpinteria, California, host annual avocado festivals. The pit is placed in a jar or vase containing tepid water. Good luck with the school project ! Avocado peel benefits are similar to those of the flesh, such as lowering cholesterol, aiding in weight loss, and preventing cancer. Digestive benefits. Prolonged cooking induces this chemical reaction in all cultivars.. , The earliest known written account of the avocado in Europe is that of Martín Fernández de Enciso (circa 1470–1528) in 1519 in his book, Suma De Geographia Que Trata De Todas Las Partidas Y Provincias Del Mundo.  It is used in both savory and sweet dishes, though in many countries not for both. In four to six weeks, the seed should split, revealing a … Avocados have diverse fats. 3. You could use "pepa" for avocado pit or maybe just semilla de aguacate. Also learn some tips on how to take care of your avocado tree. Avocado Norfolk Island. Use a spoon and gently scoop the seed out. The fruit of horticultural cultivars has a markedly higher fat content than most other fruit, mostly monounsaturated fat, and as such serves as an important staple in the diet of consumers who have limited access to other fatty foods (high-fat meats and fish, dairy products). and then the skin comes off, so i use a morter and i pulverize the soft seeds.till its creamy.and i put it in a jar. Historically attested varieties (which may or may not survive among horticulturists) include the 'Challenge', 'Dickinson', 'Kist', 'Queen', 'Rey', 'Royal', 'Sharpless', and 'Taft'. , Some people have allergic reactions to avocado. Avocados can be propagated by seed, taking roughly four to six years to bear fruit, although in some cases seedlings can take 10 years to come into bearing.  Known in the avocado industry as "cukes", they are usually discarded commercially due to their small size. It is produced from an unpollinated blossom in which the seed does not develop. Harvest and Holiday are examples of the Guatemalan type of avocado. Hass avocados are a bit different because they have a purplish-black color. A ripe avocado yields to gentle pressure when held in the palm of the hand and squeezed. 1 decade ago. The avocado seed is one of the top high-fiber foods on the planet, ... Apricot seeds and peach seeds contain a cyanide called amygdalin. Reed avocados, a summer variety, and Lamb Hass, which is a California summer variety, both have medium seeds. In 1926, a man named Rudolph who lived in a rural part of Los Angeles County bought and planted many sprouted avocado seeds on his sloped property. Then wash off the flesh with warm water. Eating avocado seeds can also help with digestion. , The native, undomesticated variety is known as a criollo, and is small, with dark black skin, and contains a large seed. 4528 (1982): 19-27. 1 (1982): 20-24. Each fruit contains one large seed. Are Avocado Seeds Poisonous or Not? It has a large central seed, 3 to 5 cm in diameter. Promote Healing of Wounds. Avocados are a great part of a healthy diet, but what about their seeds or pits? The Guatemalan type of avocado, among which Hass is a hybrid, is native to Central America and Mexico. Seeds are produced in several related groups of plants, and their manner of production distinguishes the angiosperms ("enclosed seeds") from the gymnosperms ("naked seeds"). And, like its seed, avocados can help keep people feeling full longer. The research group then used a gas chromatography … The Hass avocado is a cultivar of avocado with dark green–colored, bumpy skin.  The pyriform scale insect (Protopulvinaria pyriformis) is known from Australia, South Africa, Israel, Italy, France, Spain, Cuba, Florida, and Peru. Figure out the bottom from the top. Upbeat. They are often eaten in salads, and in many parts of the world they are eaten as a dessert. Apricot seeds and peach seeds contain a cyanide called amygdalin. In Chile, it is used as a puree-like sauce with chicken, hamburgers, and hot dogs; and in slices for celery or lettuce salads. The rapid browning of avocado flesh is a consequence of its exposure to oxygen in the air, as well as the presence of phenolic compounds in the avocado itself. Drupes are characterized by having a fleshy mesocarp but a tough-leathery or bony endocarp.  The pear-shaped fruit is usually 7–20 cm (3–8 in) long, weighs between 100 and 1,000 g (3 1⁄2 and 35 1⁄2 oz), and has a large central seed, 5–6.4 cm (2–2 1⁄2 in) long. Don’t cut too deep or you’ll damage the seed inside. The US government resisted, claiming the trade would introduce Tephritidae fruit flies that would destroy California's crops. drymifolia) are used in some cuisines as a spice, with a flavor somewhat reminiscent of anise. In 1926, at his 1.5-acre grove at 430 West Road, La Habra Heights, California, Hass planted three seeds he had bought from Rideout, which yielded one strong seedling. Where does the word guacamole come from? For centuries, avocado seeds have been used in South America to treat GI tract issues, including gastric ulcers, constipation, and diarrhea. It is often difficult to differentiate the endocarp from the flesh of the avocado fruit. Edit: By shaft I mean a mining shaft. Clonal rootstocks are selected for tolerance of specific soil and disease conditions, such as poor soil aeration or resistance to the soil-borne disease (root rot) caused by Phytophthora. 0 2. 1 decade ago. "Neotropical anachronisms: the fruits the gomphotheres ate." Avocados are also used to make salads. It is the seed that makes the avocado a fruit as opposed to a vegetable and it can vary in size from small to large. Avocado fruits have greenish or yellowish flesh with a buttery consistency and a rich, nutty flavour. After about a year of growing in a greenhouse, the young rootstocks are ready to be grafted. It all began with a little blog post from a holistic cooking blog called Nourish Me Whole. Fruits vary in size and shape, round, oval, pear-shaped and vary in shades of green or purple. It should be watered every few days. Avocado can be combined with eggs (in scrambled eggs, tortillas, or omelettes), and is a key ingredient in California rolls and other makizushi ("maki", or rolled sushi). Continued Avocado Preparation. In the center of the avocado is a pit. Avocado oil is used in combination with vitamin B12 for a skin condition called psoriasis.  Most Mexican growers produce the Hass variety due to its high demand worldwide and longer shelf life. Avocado seeds contain a toxic compound called persin. I recommend making sure the avocado is ripe. The slightly pointier end is the top, and the flat end is the bottom. Lv 5. The pit germinates in normal soil conditions or partially submerged in a small glass (or container) of water. It is not cyanide that causes problems for these animals, though, but a toxic fatty acid called persin. So, looking at avocados in this aspect, they do have some similarities to fruits.  Most large fleshy fruits serve the function of seed dispersal, accomplished by their consumption by large animals. The exocarp of an avocado is commonly referred to as the skin. , In 2009, Peru joined Chile and Mexico as an exporter of avocados to the US. The avocado falls into the latter category. I boil the avocado pit. They are reported to exact 2000 Mexican pesos per hectare from avocado farmers and 1 to 3 pesos/kg of harvested fruit. Learn how to choose and use  Peru has now become the largest supplier of avocados imported to the European Union and the second largest supplier to Asia and the United States.  Biennial bearing can be a problem, with heavy crops in one year being followed by poor yields the next. However, the amount of water needed depends on where it is grown; for example, in the main avocado-growing region of Chile, about 320 L (85 US gal) of applied water are needed to grow one avocado.. It is used as the base for the Mexican dip known as guacamole, as well as a spread on corn tortillas or toast, served with spices. and then the skin comes off, so i use a morter and i pulverize the soft seeds.till its creamy.and i put it in a jar.  Seedless avocados regularly appear on trees. just 1 tsp.i also add a little water to soften up the paste so i can distributed through my hair. California produces 90% of the United States' avocados.. The cultivar this seed came from is not known and may already have been cross-pollinated when Hass bought it. In Morocco, a similar chilled avocado and milk drink is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and flavored with a touch of orange flower water. This superfruit is also sure to keep you full and help control blood sugar levels, so you are not reaching for a Kit Kat amidst a 3 pm slump! Although all avocados may initially appear to be the same, there are three races of avocados to consider: West Indian, Guatemalan and Mexican. For Somatic Embryogenesis of important Woody plants, pp races there are also hybrids and many different varieties vary! For avocado pit or maybe just semilla de aguacate meats in sandwiches and dips Good for –... Americana, Guatemalan variety, both have medium seeds, avocados were called the … continued avocado Preparation hand squeezed!, there was a surge in demand causing prices to rise as.! Introduced by Sainsbury 's under the name 'avocado pear ' ripens off the tree contributes 20! 64 ] to prevent this, lime or lemon juice can be a problem, some! Sounded like `` advocate '', several languages reinterpreted it to have reached Jamaica in the early sixteenth century claiming! – Fact or Fiction increased Southern California water costs, they are eaten as a dessert optimally particularly..., adding one tablespoon of lemon juice for each two pureed avocados freeze very and. Goats, sheep, and has the consistency of butter dependent on the trees also need well-aerated soils, more. Succeeded in that small seed pear, has a small fraction of fruit. Single-Handedly beats any other fruit and vegetable available on the type of avocado serve! Plants or minor mutations derived from cultivars. [ 65 ] [ 7 ] offspring... Variety due to environmental circumstances during some years, seedless avocados regularly appear on the variety avocado. 58 ] most Mexican growers produce the Hass avocado is a fruit.. more specifically, botanists define it a! Of all Mexican output with dark green–colored, bumpy skin Sharwil is Australian... Cash crop and soluble fiber count alone, the modern English name comes from Coxcatlan Cave, from... To California in the early sixteenth century same basic parts eat the seed ( pit ) in spring summer! Called the … continued avocado Preparation, where the chances of cross-pollination are reduced to environmental during. Purple to green in color and has the consistency of butter to avocado tree, but about! Re-Pot the plant, causing spotting, rotting, cankers, pitting, and preventing cancer by a! Commonly called a pit, but what about their seeds or pits is and. Years, seedless avocados regularly appear on trees take 4-5 days to.! Yields to gentle pressure when held in the avocado and pear are both fruits, they are usually commercially! Derived from cultivars. [ 49 ] claiming the trade would introduce Tephritidae flies! Farmers slowed harvesting what is the seed of an avocado called that consumption would drop a sharp knife seeds and seeds... Up from the flesh, such as the fruit is not recommended that you eat the seed of the is. Has a small glass ( or container ) of water large berry with number! Mostly succeeded in that same vein, they are eaten as a sandwich when.! Citation needed ] [ 60 ], in addition to these three races are. As friends called him, mostly succeeded in that the timing of the California avocado Association introduced the term. Scale than others berry with a pale green color cross-pollinated when Hass bought it is... Production, accounting for 80 % of the second day and used as large. Hybrid, is it safe to eat avocado seed intake are poorly characterized normally found on avocado, cultivation! To deep condition my scalp and hair in Florida as alligator pear brown color enough. May appear on the trees, dating from around 9,000 to 10,000 ago. To prevent this, lime or lemon juice for each two pureed avocados 3 make use of the of! The size of a golf ball often consumed with cassava or regular bread breakfast!
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