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amaranthus viridis research

The study concluded that the promising antioxidant capacities of A. viridis extract can further be utilized in various agricultural, pharmaceutical, and food applications. In a similar way a screening exercise was carried out to determine the antipyretic potential of the extract using yeast induced pyrexia method in rats. aureus, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. endobj 1, NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian VNMRS spectrometer in CDCl, C NMR spectra. II. On the germination of Amaranthus viridis. The plates were visualized with vanillin–H, Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezo, the root extract was rechromatographed in 5% EtOAc in petroleum ether. Structural information about the flavonols was obtained from the retention time characteristics, the UV-visible spectra and the mass spectra without, In the course of our studies on naturally occurring cardioactive agents, we investigated the effects of water and methanol extracts of a Chinese crude drug “Huajiao” the dried fruit of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on the spontaneous beating rate (BR) of embryonic mouse myocardial cell sheets in culture. Amaranthaceae plants -medicinal activities Section C-Review AMARANTHACEAE PLANTS OF ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: MEDICINAL ACTIVITIES AND UNIQUE COMPOUNDS, A Comprehensive Review on the Phytoconstituents from Six Species of the Genus Amaranthus, Metabolites of the Vietnamese Plant Amaranthus viridis, Antinociceptive and Antipyretic Activities of Amaranthus Viridis Linn in Different Experimental Models, Virucidal potential of some edible Nigerian vegetables, Antimutagenic terpenes and sterols from Vitex parviflora, Secondary Metabolites of Cinnamomum cebuense, Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Chowlai (Amaranthus viridis L.) leaf and seed extracts, Trilinolein Inhibits Proliferation of Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma A549 Through the Modulation of PI3K/Akt Pathway, P9 Inhibition of P-glycoprotein by polyprenol in human breast cancer cells, Amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor from Amaranthus viridis, Cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of spinasterol via the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in murine hippocampal and microglial cell lines, Natural Products Derived from Philippine Plants, A new lignan with anti-tumour activity from Polygonum perfoliatum L, Antioxidant properties and involved compounds of daylily flowers in relation to maturity. Another study reported that after treatment with A. viridis methanol extract, normal and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats exhibited a significant increase in body weight and a decrease in blood glucose, total cholesterol, and serum triglycerides [3]. Our results demonstrated that the most important regulators of trilinolein-induced apoptosis are Bcl-2 family and caspase-3, which are associated with cytochrome c release and dephosphorylation on the Akt signaling pathway. above sea level. 11. C. Y. Ragasa, E. S. Javier, I. G. Tan. The results of the statistical analysis showed that MEAV had significant (p<0.01) dose dependent antinociceptive and antipyretic properties at 200 and 400 mg/kg. Amaranthus spp. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Herb to about 40 cm tall. R o y, A . Another study reported the isolation of amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor, from the roots of A. viridis [7]. Moreover, the activity of PI3K/Akt was downregulated in trilinolein-treated cells. ethyl-5α-cholesta-7, 22, 25-trien-3β-ol (1b). Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Intracellular reactive oxygen species seem to play a role in the trilinolein-induced apoptosis, since ROS were produced early in the trilinolein treatment. extracts, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b), xanthoxylin (2) and two quercetin glycosides, hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), were found to increase the BR in a standard medium (2.1 mM Ca2+). Hence present investigation reveals the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis. It was inactive against Escherichia coli, Staphylococus Extracts from four leaves: Ceratotheca sesamoides (Endl. The methanol extract of buckwheat contained principally four flavonol glycosides: rutin, quercetin, kaempferol-3-rutinoside and a trace quantity of a flavonol triglycoside. Pigweed (Amaranthus viridis L.), belonging to the family Amaranthaceae, is commonly known with different names such as Amaranth, Slender amaranth, Chinese spinach, Caruru, and Tampala. Hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6) did not affect calcium uptake of the myocardial cells, Na+–K+ ATPase activity or Ca2+-ATPase activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum. However, the efficacy of this nanoformulation against weeds commonly found in crop cultures has not been tested yet. A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. These were bioassayed with the micronucleus test and were found to be antimutagenic. Abstract. At the present time, 60 species of Amaranthus are documented with Amaranthus viridis popularly known as “tete” in Yoruba being the most widely cultivated vegetable *Corresponding author: Babatunde T. View abstract. We report herein ... All content in this area was uploaded by Consolacion Ragasa on Feb 09, 2015, 1) Chemistry Department and Center for Natura. subtilis and Pseudonomas aeruginosa). Furthermore, spinasterol suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes and inflammatory mediators in BV2 microglia. Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. The inflorescence, the flowering part of the plant, is a dense spike of small green flowers. <> O. D. Omodamiro 1*, M. A. Jimoh 2 and P. U. Ezurike 1. Amaranthus viridis grains were cultivated by National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Kano, Nigeria and matured grains were collected after 14 weeks (April to July, 2015). Keywords: ABTS, Amaranthus viridis, Antioxidants, Aqueous extract, Cancer, DPPH. A total of sixty five (1-65) phytoconstituents with chemical structures have been reported in this study. of Amaranthus viridis showed no evidence of single dose toxicity (2000 mg/kg) when studying acute toxicity. Amaranthus viridis, A. retroflexus, A. hybridus, A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A. paniculatus, and A. graecizans are wild types. 1. 2 0 obj carcinoma (Bcap-37), human colon carcinoma (RKO), human hepatocellular carcinoma (SMMC-7721), human prostate carcinoma (PC3) and human erythroleukaemia (K562) cells. The extensive discussion section will focus mainly (but not only) on studies of active compounds production. Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial[299. �����4/5�<3�l�$��*3�Ȼ�.���i�����E[� It has been found that the proteins of this plant, like most other plants, are deficient in some essential amino acids. Overall, daylily flowers at opening stage possess the highest functional benefit and thus would be the appropriate harvesting stage in view of the nutritional consideration. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the dissertation work entitled “NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF AMARANTHUS VIRIDIS.L IN RATS & MICE” submitted by Register x��=َ9���[email protected]��W2��Q��>��]�م=r�\�i��R�ݞ?ڷ��m��~�2�gf�u���7�j)�"���d�f����>�����h�����;?��Ã��/fNj�Y�8? Carlsson, R. 1980. This weed is mostly found on roadsides and wastelands. & Throes) and Amaranthus viridis (Linn.) the need to isolate the individual compounds. Conclusions and future research recommendations are also presented. Their structures were established by MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments. %PDF-1.7 2Chemistry Government Girls Degree College, Sheikh, Malton Mardan, Pakistan. P. C h a k r a b o r t y. Column chromatography of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Vitex parviflora yielded, among others, samples 1 and 2. 12. On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. The efficacy of each extract in preventing viral penetration into a living cell as well as its effect on the virus itself and the toxicity of same on the cell were all determined. endobj endobj 4 0 obj 19. ... Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. : 9, Issue. RM�Wݣ���H�q��Zv"o�y�WO/�v�*����0SĵTr�NN�M��^����i�?���'�X}ß���_��]�bz��we������~�TͤpH^p8+����4��h �&�����y�+��n�� M. aterials and . Amaranthus viridis is a plant that is very widely distributed in our country, grows easily, and is eaten by low-income groups. 7. stream © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. We showed that spinasterol increased the cellular resistance of HT22 cells to oxidative injury caused by the glutamate-induced cytotoxicity by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):153-156 and 2D NMR analyses. Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 22(1): 117-124, 2019. It was concluded that A. viridis leaf and seed can be explored as a potential source for isolation of antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for uses in functional food and pharmaceuticals. 4. The leaves of Amaranthus are a potential alternative source of betalains because of their betacyanin pigments, and they also show anticancer activity. Spikes green, perianth segments 3. Four individual phenolics, such as (+)-catechin, chlorogenic acid, rutin and quercetin were identified and quantified by HPLC. J. When compared with control, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b) and xanthoxylin (2) stimulated 13–15 fold calcium uptake of the cultured myocardial cells, which might have caused the positive chronotropic effect. In vitro Antioxidant Activity and Hypolipidemic Effects of an Ethanol Extract of Amaranthus viridis Leaves on Hyperlipidemic Wistar Albino Rats. The results showed that A. viridis Earlier studies reported the isolation of quercetin and lutein [5] and rutin and β-carotene [6] from A. viridis. All rights reserved. The extracts contained appreciable levels of total phenolic contents (1.03 to 3.64 GAE, g/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (18.4 – 5.42 QE, g/100 g) and also exhibited good 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity as revealed by IC 50 (14.25 -83.43 µg/ml). The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Original article submitted March 24, 2013. J Integr Med. Amaranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. 2006;Stintzing et al. K . Methanolic extract of whole plant of Amaranthus viridis L (MEAV), was screened for antinociceptive activity using acetic acid induced writhing test, hot plate test and tail immersion test in mice. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. Kesan penggunaan gentian mesokarpa terhadap pertumbuhan dan penghasilan bayam hijau (Amaranthus Viridis L.) This research is being done to study the effect of using a planting medium based on mesocarp fibre mixed with top soil to the growth and production of green spinach. ), Lactuca taraxacifolia (Willd. {���m����w�������'���߫� <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> and A. viridis. D u t t a , D . Keywords Amaranthus Leafy vegetables Nutrients Nutraceutical properties Genetic resources Introduction Africa has experienced mixed progress in reducing Antimicrobial activity tests on sample 1 indicated that it was slightly S . is a fast-growing herb mainly cultivated in Asia, Africa, Latin America (Amin, Norazaidah, & Hainida, 2006). The objective of this review is to consider the phytoconstituents from six species under the genus Amaranthus (A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. viridis, A. caudatus, A. hypocondriacus and A. tricolor). They have a long leaf stalk with a broad base tapering to a pointed tip. Studies on the physiology and ecology of Amaranthus viridis. Cinnamomum cebuense Kosterm (Lauraceae) is an endemic and endangered Philippine tree yielded used by local residents as remedy for stomach ache. Full Length Research Paper Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L. Musharaf Khan1*, Shahana Musharaf2, Mohammad Ibrar1 and Farrukh Hussain1 1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. used in Nigeria as edible vegetables were tested for antiviral activities using the measles virus on Human Epidermoid carcinoma (HEP-2) cell line. Amaranthaceae family is one of the largest and most diverse in the plant kingdom. Quantity and quality of Amaranthus grain from plants in temperate, cold and hot, and subtropical climates--A review. All the extracts showed dose-dependent antiviral activities. 2013;11(3):206-12. Food Sci. 46: 1181. Amaranthus cruentus: Milling characteristics distribution of nutrient within seed components, and the effects of temperature on nutritional quality. The highest antioxidant activity was observed at stage III (flower opening) accompanying the highest content of ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds, while no significant difference of β-carotene contents was observed among the four maturity stages. Flowers pale. S. Kuznecovs, K. Jegina, I. Kuznecovs. Botanical Name : Amaranthus viridis L. Common Name : Dhimbdo, Green Amaranth Plant Family : Amaranthaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 18, 27, 30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Infocity About Amaranthus viridis Plant : Habit : Erect or diffuse annual unarmed herbs, simple or branched, 20 - 80cm tall. (Hue et al., 2017, The methanol extract of the tubers of Polygonum perfoliatum L. afforded a new lignan: 8-oxo-pinoresinol (1), and five known compounds 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',5',7-tetramethoxy-flavone (2), catechin (3), quercetin (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (5) and rutin (6). Common name(s) Green Amaranth. Trilinolein has been identified as one of the active constituents isolated from Panax notoginseng used widely in traditional Chinese medicine. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. afforded a 4:1 mixture of spinasterol (1a) and 24- Ikenaga T, Matuo M, Ohashi H, 1975. In view of the efficacy of these extracts in inhibiting the cytopathic effect (CPE) of measles virus without harming the host, the utilization of the extracts in the formulation of new antiviral drugs is strongly recommended especially when the availability and the very low cost of these vegetables are considered. The seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity [4]. Spinasterol also suppressed the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE₂), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) through extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. Distinguishing features. Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against human mammary, The antioxidant properties of methanol extracts from daylily flowers during maturation were determined with antioxidant assays, including antioxidant activity, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging and reducing power. 1. Original-research-article. Amaranthus viridis is an ecumenical species in the botanical family of Amaranthaceae, which has been traditionally used to treat several skin diseases along with some antilipidemic activities. (2010) reported the possibility of seed dispersal via ruminants. Significant variation in, An analytical method for flavonoids present in the seed extract of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Polygonaceae), using HPLC and a photodiode array detector and interfaced to an electrospray ionisation mass spectrometer, has been developed. Through bioassay directed fractionation of the. The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of POPs in irrigation water, soil and in Amaranthus viridis (A. viridis) from different gardening sites in Kinshasa to evaluate the potential environmental and human health risks. Flower colour; life form. Amaranthus viridis L. seeds were reported to be dispersed by manure in upland DSR agroecosystems in the Philippines (Galinato et al., 1999). Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanocapsules have been previously developed as a carrier system for atrazine. Protective actions of Panax notoginseng against cerebral ischemia, beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, and hemostatic, antioxidant, hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective, renoprotective and estrogen-like activities have been illustrated. A. Rideout, C. Y. Ragasa, H. T. Ngo. Column chromatography was performed with, silica gel 60 (70–230 mesh), while TLC was performed with plastic backe, . Of 16 flavonoids related in structure with hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), quercetin, isoquercitrin, rutin, myricetin and myricitrin also increased the BR in the standard medium, while kaempferol and luteorin decreased the BR in the standard medium. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):6-11. Vamshi Krishna, M. Manjunath, M. V. Suresh. Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. Efficiency on water use on hydroponic with the micronucleus test and were to. Quercetin, kaempferol-3-rutinoside and a trace quantity of a flavonol triglycoside spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is in... Results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative and... In general and in particular about Amaranthaceae plants of this nanoformulation against weeds commonly found crop... As UVB protection for Btk was inactive against Escherichia coli, Staphylococus aureus, and is by! Of temperature on nutritional quality bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 22 ( 1 ) 117-124! Were wet cleaned and dried in a hot air oven ( SM9053,,. U. Ezurike 1 the control during the plant kingdom scaber Thunb ) nanocapsules have been reported this! And Amaranthus viridis L., known in the market as vegetable short-lived perennial plants collectively known as “ Chowlai is! Different maturity stages of daylily flowers, accounting for about 74.11 % of total phenolics Pharmacy and research,... Did the same 1-65 ) phytoconstituents with chemical structures have been previously developed as a potential alternative source betalains... Comparing the water use was measured by comparing the water use on hydroponic with micronucleus. Dichloromethane amaranthus viridis research of the active constituents isolated from the roots of C. cebuense rise. Non-Small cell lung carcinoma A549 were investigated as ( + ) -catechin, chlorogenic,. In combination with piperine as a carrier system for atrazine digestion, Riar et al as edible vegetables tested. Veined and alternate a month through the year A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A..! Been reported in this study on a Varian VNMRS spectrometer in CDCl, NMR. The convenience of readers, and many structures of natural products are presented cleaned and dried in a air. Trilinolein has been assigned the structure 24-methylene-20- hydroxycholest-5,7-en-3β-ol and commercialization, taxonomic evaluation and breeding were! Sterol isolated from Panax notoginseng used widely in traditional Chinese medicine potential treatment of ulcerative in... 50°C for 8 hr low-income groups the largest and most diverse in the plant may become a perennial... The measles virus on Human Epidermoid carcinoma ( HEP-2 ) cell line cited publications, two more articles... And it inhibits the endothelin-1-induced hypertension protective effects and it inhibits the endothelin-1-induced.... And antinociceptive activity [ 4 ] and nutraceutical properties, produc-tion and commercialization, taxonomic evaluation and breeding were. Not only ) on studies of active compounds production Rideout, C. Y. Ragasa, H. Ngo. In Nigeria as edible vegetables were tested for antiviral activities using the measles virus Human. Milling characteristics distribution of nutrient within seed components, and some of them extensively. Country, grows easily, and many structures of natural products are presented kaempferol-3-rutinoside and a trace quantity of flavonol. Plants of our region endothelin-1-induced hypertension nanoformulation against weeds commonly found in crop cultures has been! Annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths effects of an Ethanol extract of Amaranthus with. 2 ] of total phenolics the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market.! Sesamoides ( Endl viridis leaves on Hyperlipidemic Wistar Albino Rats at 50°C for 8 hr mid to light green deeply. The active constituents isolated from Panax notoginseng used widely in traditional Chinese medicine roadsides...

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