In tropical Africa and elsewhere Amaranthus spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. McIntyre G, 1991. Alegbejo, J. O., 2013. The plant produces new shoots when older branches are already blooming. GBIF data portal., Copenhagen, Denmark: Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). PLoS ONE, No.April:e10276. Family: Amaranthaceae Chromosome number: 2n = 64 USDA-ARS, 2013. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. - a newly naturalized plant of mainland of China. This plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies, however; it is widely introduced throughout the world. Madagascar . In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 78 1-581. Description Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Production trends Amaranthus blitum is important in East Africa as a frequently collected wild plant and a popular vegetable in home gardens. Natural History > Life Cycle. ex Thell. Further phytosociological studies are needed. In A. hybridus and A. powellii the bracts are longer than or equal to the tepals (2-7 mm long) and the style branches are erect or slightly reflexed. Material en COL. Not hardy but thrives in the summer. A. dubius is morphologically similar to A. hybridus and A. powellii. Mo. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World … Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Amaranthus dubius. Show All Show Tabs spleen amaranth Palmer J, 2009. Genetic improvement of vegetable crops. Vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) http://botany.si.edu/antilles/westindies/. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Iamonico D, 2010. Amaranthus tricolor verschilt wezenlijk van de andere Amaranthus-soorten en kruist niet met de andere soorten (is vooralsnog mijn ervaring). Showing 0 of 0 comments. ex Thell. 848 pp. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. Investigations about the history of introduction, substratum characteristics, pollination, seed production, dispersal, germination and pollen morphology. Hymenia recurvalis [Spoladea recurvalis], Spodoptera litura, Heliothis armigera and sometimes grasshoppers are the most harmful pests. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Amaranthus albus L., A. blitoides S. Watson and A. blitum L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 83(4):1039-1066. Description Top of page A. viridis is similar to other species of Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles. It was given a high risk assessment score of 14 for the Pacific region (PIER, 2014). Amaranthus dubius is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in leaf from April to October, in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. http://data.gbif.org. Amaranthus blitum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). ex Thell.. Protologue: Fl. Mosyakin and Robertson (1996) proposed a new taxon (Amaranthus nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson) to accommodate this particular species. : research avenues for improved nutritional value and yield in leafy amaranths in sub-Saharan Africa., Euphytica, 197(3):303-317 http://rd.springer.com/journal/10681. Synopsis of subgenus Amaranthus (Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae) in Venezuela. Eliasson UH, 1987. Description Excellent. Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. Amaranthus or amaranth, ... Amaranthus cruentus and A. hypochondriacus are the species that are primarily cultivated for grain, whereas A. blitum, A. dubius, A. tricolor, A. lividus, and A. spinosus are used as vegetables. (Please note that there is often a small percentage of green foliage). by Grubben GJH, Denton OA]. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Acta Botánica Venezuelica, 33(2):329-356. Sukhorukov PA, 2011. Sasirekha, N., Navaraj, P. S., 2015. Production trends Amaranthus blitum is important in East Africa as a frequently collected wild plant and a popular vegetable in home gardens. Vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus sp.) A. dubius is an annual herb native to South America, Mexico and the West Indies. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Atoll Research Bulletin, 495:48-71. Seychelles . A. dubius also grows as a weed of annual crops, plantations, village gardens, disturbed sites and secondary vegetation (Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998; USDA-ARS, 2015). Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Amaranthus dubius, the red spinach, Chinese spinach. Each plant produces a high number of seeds. Amaranthus dubius is a vigorous, erect, annual plant with a branched stem, growing from 30 - 150cm tall[270. In: Amaranthaceae, 1 [ed. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Amaranthus dubius is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Amaranthus dubius fue descrito por Mart. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Online Database. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. Description Excellent. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. University of Peradeniya & Smithsonian Institution. Cytogenetic studies in Amaranthus. Staminate flowers usually clustered at tips of inflorescence branches, sometimes gathered in proximal glomerules (as in A. spinosus); tepals 5, equal or subequal; stamens 5, about 2 mm long. GBIF, 2015. Biyun Village, Kuangtung st.. Naturalized, New Caledonia and Ile Grande Terre islands, Mainly in the north; Original citation: Pinto and Velásuez (2010), Average temp. Vaduz, Liechtenstein: J. Cramer. Species description or overview Amaranthus dubius information from PIER Information on Amaranthus dubius as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by … A. dubius is recorded as invasive on Cousine Island, Seychelles, where it occupies plateau and high woodland areas (Dunlop et al., 2005). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). PIER, 2014. PROTA (2014) noted that ‘it is almost impossible to make a distinction between A. dubius and A. spinosus based on morphological characters’ other than by the axillary spines in A. spinosus. Case studies on invasive behaviour. ex Thell. Grubben GJH, 2004. Reduit, Mauritius: Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute. It is probable that, like A. spinosus, it is susceptible to most standard soil-applied and foliar-applied herbicides used for controlling broadleaved weeds, including 2,4-D, EPTC, MCPA, MSMA (methylarsonic acid), acifluorfen, atrazine, bensulfuron, butachlor, chlorthal-dimethyl, dimethametryn, diphenamid, diuron, glyphosate, metribuzin, oxadiazon, oxyfluorfen, paraquat, pendimethalin, propanil and trifluralin (see the ISC datasheet on A. spinosus: http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/4653; CABI, 2014). No virus diseases have been reported. Amaranths like fertile, free-drained alkaline soils. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS USING Amaranthus dubius _____ John Jason Mellem Submitted in complete fulfillment for the Degree of Master of Technology (Biotechnology) in the Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Durban University of Technology, ... SITE DESCRIPTION AND … This species has been widely introduced as a green vegetable for human consumption and as a medicinal herb. Stem erect or usually ascending, 6-80 (sometimes up to 100) cm tall, glabrous to pubescent, pubescent especially upwards. It has very high concentrations of minerals in its leaves, and there is some concern that it can also take up toxic metals if present in the soil, rendering it toxic as a food. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS USING Amaranthus dubius _____ John Jason Mellem Submitted in complete fulfillment for the Degree of Master of Technology (Biotechnology) in the Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology, Durban University of Technology, ... SITE DESCRIPTION AND SAMPLE PROCUREMENT ..... 31 3.1.2. Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. ex Thell. Amaranthus dubius. USDA-ARS, 2013. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Cultivated types of A. dubius are larger, more erect and more succulent than weedy types (Grubben, 2004). Amaranthus spinosus, l'amarante épineuse, est une espèce de plantes dicotylédones de la famille des Amaranthaceae, présente dans les régions tropicales et subtropicales.. C'est une plante herbacée annuelle épineuse, qui préfère les sols nitrophiles.Cette espèce est une mauvaise herbe des cultures dans de nombreuses régions du monde. 315-323. Amaranthus dubius Mart. However, especially in tropical Africa it is widely naturalized and cultivated and could compete with other cultivated plants, causing a reduction in agricultural income (see for example Costea et al., 2001a; Iamonico, 2010). In Taiwan, it is associated with weeds: Amaranthus spinosus, Bidens pilosa var. Brown G, Mies B, 2012. Material en COL. Annales Botanici Fennici, 33(4):275-281. Baquar SR, Olusi OO, 1988. 1), 22-96. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Duilio Iamonico, University of Rome Sapienza, Italy. Seburanga JL, 2014. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Amaranthus dubius Mart. GBIF, 2014. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. 289 pp. Pancho HL, Herberger JV, Plucknett JP, Donald L, 1979. Townsend CC, 1980. Thellung (1912) validly published the name. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 59(4):274-275. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. Guézou A, Trueman M, Buddenhagen C E, Chamorro S, Mireya Guerrero A, Pozo P, Atkinson R, 2010. Famille: Amaranthaceae Nombre de chromosomes: 2n = 64 The species commonly found in Trinidad and Tobago is Amaranthus dubius (Mohoyodeen, 1995). Reunion Island . However, plants identified as A. dubius have 2n = 32 in Nigeria (Baquar and Olusi, 1988), but individuals with 2n = 32 lack the spine typical of A. spinosus (Grubben, 2004). The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Sauer JD, 1967. CABI. It is grown throughout the year in tropics and in autumn, spring and summer seasons in temperate regions. adv. The PLANTS Database. flexuosus, Amaranthus dubius var. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 23:287-291. of coldest month > 0°C and < 18°C, mean warmest month > 10°C, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Some new and noteworthy species for the Flora of Nepal. It is also listed as invasive in Cuba and on several islands in the Pacific Ocean (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; PIER, 2014). adv. - Buy this stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe Stock Costea M, Sanders A, Waines G, 2001. A. dubius is morphologically similar to A. hybridus and A. powellii. A geographical atlas of world weeds., New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons. Liogier HA, Martorell LF, 1982. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. A. dubius naturally and predominantly grows in tropical and subtropical forests of South America and the Caribbean. PLoS ONE. Amaranthus dubius … Physiological and genetic integrity of amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Curr. Series Plant and Vegetation, 7. 481. Montpellier: 203 (1912). Wageningen, Netherlands: PROTA. Origin of Amaranthus duibus. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower in August, and the seeds ripen in September. Heavy metal health risk assessment and microbial menaces via dietary intake of vegetables collected from Delhi and national capital regions peri urban area, India., Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 13(2):82-88 http://world-food.net/heavy-metal-health-risk-assessment-and-microbial-menaces-via-dietary-intake-of-vegetables-collected-from-delhi-and-national-capital-regions-peri-urban-area-india/. Life cycle Annual . ex Thell. The green variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. The larvae of the stem borer Lixus truncatulus [Hypolixus truncatulus] may cause much damage. It grows best at day temperatures above 25°C and night temperatures not below 15°C. The distinctive flavour makes this a popular microgreen variety. Grant WF, 1959. In: Atoll Research Bulletin, 495 48-71. seeds during storage., International Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics, 7(1):35-46 http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=ijpbg.2013.35.46&org=10, León F, Alain H, 1957. II. Amaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth); uprooted plant, showing stem, leaves and inflorescences. Northern Australia Quarantine Strategy: weeds target list. Accepted name Brède malbar Plantae ... Habitat and Distribution > Distribution > Description. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Amaranthus L. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllydae, part 1), 4 (1) 410-435. Cadmium contamination in green leaves grown in Madurai District, India., International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 4(2):610-616 http://www.ijcmas.com/vol-4-2/N.Sasirekha%20and%20P.S.Navaraj.pdf. Mosyakin and Robertson (1999) proposed the new nothosection Dubia Mosyakin & K. R. Robertson (subgenus Amaranthus section Amaranthus… Bot, 44 1-4. A. dubius spreads by seeds. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Family: Amaranthaceae Chromosome number: 2n = 64 Online Database. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. Acta Botanica Venezuelica, 33(2):329. http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0084-59062010000200009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=es. A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. spinosus L.) is common in some regions in the Philippines. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. An extensive alien plant inventory from the inhabited areas of Galapagos. Grain amaranths vary in flower, leaf and stem colour, but maroon or crimson colouring is common in … ex Thell. , For other leaf vegetables known as 'Chinese spinach', see. In: Phytotaxa, 107 1-74. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. 1,240 sds/gram. The green variety is practically indistinguishable from Amaranthus viridis. Amaranthus dubius Mart. Botanica Serbica, 34(2):137-145. http://botanicaserbica.bio.bg.ac.rs/arhiva/pdf/2010_34_2_521_full.pdf, Kehinde, T. O., Ajala, M. O., Daniel, I. O., Oyelakin, O. O., 2013. The PLANTS Database. Hymal. In: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation. WildNet taxon ID 31140 Alternate name(s) Chinese spinach Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Introduced Pest status Environmental Weed Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Atlas of Living Australia Data source A. dubius is an annual herb native to South America, Mexico and the West Indies. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Insects are a serious problem for amaranth growers. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Amaranthus dubius. Notes on four newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Facts. The weed flora of Montpellier (La flore adventice de Montpellier). Pinto WC, Velásuez GO, 2010. viii + 320 pp.. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20093330163. 1951-1957. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. The name Amaranthus dubius was first published by Martius without diagnosis and description, so it has to be considered invalid. Flora of Cuba. & Denton, O.A. Thellung (1912) validly published the name. A study of the pollen grain of the Amaranthus spinosus Linne and A. dubius Mart. Nuytsia, 19(1):107-128. Amaranthus dubius is a … A. dubius is mainly used as a leaf vegetable, both in Africa (Grubben, 2004) and in Asia (George et al., 1989). Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. This plant is native to South America, Mexico, and the West Indies, however; it is widely introduced throughout the world. View abstract. 6 (Special Issue No. PROTA Foundation. Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos. by Grubben, G. J. H. \Denton, O. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Amaranthus dubius. y publicado en La flore adventice de Montpellier 203. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Sánchez-del Pino I, Espadas C, Pool R, 2013. Catkin-like … Amaranthus cruentus A. hybridus A. spinosus A. caudatus A. thunbergii, which are all indigenous to the country Description of the plant Mature plant Amaranth species are erect or spreading annuals with a rough or prickly appearance. Erect, monoecious, annual herb 2 m, sometimes becoming much branched, stout and succulent; stems green to pink, glabrous to sparsely puberulent. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Stem rather slender to stout, usually branched, mostly hairless or with short to rather long hairs upwards, especially in the inflorescence. Amaranthus blitum is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). A. dubius is the only known tetraploid Amaranthus taxon with 2n = 64. A. dubius is not known to differ from other Amaranthus species in its susceptibility to herbicides. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Taxonomy and richness of nine genera of Amaranthaceae s.s. (Caryophyllales) in the Yucatan Peninsula Biotic Province. Centrusa Griseb.) Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World civilizations. Utricles ovoid or subglobose, 1.5-2 mm, slightly shorter than tepals, smooth to irregularly wrinkled, dehiscence regularly circumscissile. Carmona Pinto W, Orsini Velásquez G, 2010. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Hirose, T., Takahashi, T., Hayamichi, Y., 1991. In Africa A. dubius is locally naturalized. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. Amaranthus dubius is a plant that need more sunlight and cool temperature for it to grow well, Group A should have the highest height of Amaranthus dubius but not Group C because Amaranthus dubius in Group A had received the highest amount of sunlight. Palmer J, 2009. Montpellier: 203 (1912). because of its spines and because it is not much liked. Grubben, G. J. H., Denton, O. In Kenya it is cooked with other leaf vegetables such as Solanum spp., Cleome gynandra and Launaea cornuta. Thellung A, 1912. Description: Erect annual herb, mostly up to c. 90 cm, rarely taller. PROTA4U web database., [ed. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Description Top of page A. viridis is similar to other species of Amaranthus, having distinct leaf venation and long petioles. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. It is a ruderal species, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats. A spiny relative of amaranth called uray (A. spinosus L.) is common in some regions in the Philippines. A. dubius has the C4 photosynthesis pathway. Mosyakin SL, Robertson KR, 2004. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0010276. Description; Distribution; Common Name; Uses; Synonymy; Specimens; Description. Flowering plants of Jamaica. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al. Taiwania, 52(1):59-69. http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/taiwania. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group.  It may be eaten raw in thoran or cooked in curry and bhajis. by Dassanayake MD, Fosberg FR]. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Species description or overview Amaranthus dubius information from PIER Information on Amaranthus dubius as relevant to Pacific Islands is provided by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER). Notes on four newly naturalized plants in Taiwan. Usually it grows to a size of 80–120 cm. 1-57. The grain amaranths and their relatives: a revised taxonomic and geographic survey. New infrageneric taxa and combinations in Amaranthus (Amaranthaceae). León F, Alain H, 1957. Annual herb, 10-100(-200) cm tall, glabrous or sparsely pubescent in distal parts. Taiwania. Mona, Jamaica: University of the West Indies. Microbial and parasitic contamination on fresh vegetables sold in traditional markets in Hue City, Vietnam, Journal of Food and Nutrition Research , 2(12):959-964, Chen ShihHuei, Wu MingJou, 2007. Sreelathakumary, I., Peter, K. V., 1993. Natural interspecific hybridization between Amaranthus dubius and A. spinosus. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. Amaranthaceae Amaranthus australis Amaranthus blitum Amaranthus crassipes Amaranthus dubius Amaranthus hybridus Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthus viridis. Although no studies on social impacts have been carried out, the abundant flowers, pollen production and small pollen size in the genus Amaranthus mean it could have an impact as an allergenic species (see for example Costea et al., 2001a; 2001b; Costea and Tardif, 2003; Iamonico, 2010). Content. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Cousin Island. Amaranthus dubius: Relacionados. 158 pp. (Bangalore), 34:370-371. Description (After Townsend, 1985)An annual herbaceous plant. Amaranthus is widely distributed in both tropical and sub tropical regions. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Vegetables. Vegetables., In: Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. Amaranthus dubius is a weedy plant widespread throughout the humid lowland tropics. Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=10031, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/westindies/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 1. In Uganda A. dubius is used in the preparation of potash. Montpellier : 203 (1912). Amaranthus or amaranth, ... Amaranthus cruentus and A. hypochondriacus are the species that are primarily cultivated for grain, whereas A. blitum, A. dubius, A. tricolor, A. lividus, and A. spinosus are used as vegetables. Sida, 19:931-974. Category:Amaranthus dubius. Flora of the West Indies., USA: Smithsonian Institution. Mosyakin SL, Robertson KR, 1996. Amaranthus dubius is considered to be a morphologically deviant allopolyploid. Series Plant and Vegetation., 7 London, UK: Springer. In backyards with repeated pickings, Amaranthus dubius plants may become perennial, up amarabthus 2 years old. J Integr Med. A study of the pollen grains of Amaranthus spinosus Linne and A. dubius Mart ex Thellung and their hybrids. The species occurs locally in France and Germany and is naturalized or invasive in tropical and subtropical regions of the United States (Florida and Hawaii), Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific.. It flowers from summer to fall in the tropics, but can flower throughout the year in subtropical conditions. Leaves are occasionally found for sale on markets. The species commonly found in Trinidad and Tobago is Amaranthus dubius (Mohoyodeen, 1995). A. dubius has been intentionally introduced and grown as a green vegetable for human consumption in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, but there is also a high probability that it has been introduced unintentionally as a contaminant due to the small size of its seeds (PROTA, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015). Show All Show Tabs spleen amaranth It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen. Description, history and production. Erlangae. Occurrence of pathogens on vegetables harvested from soils irrigated with contaminated streams., Science of the Total Environment, 311(1/3):49-56 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6V78-487DMM1-3&_user=10&_handle=W-WA-A-A-WV-MsSAYZW-UUW-AUZZZBBCBZ-VEZZBZDZ-WV-U&_fmt=summary&_coverDate=07%2F20%2F2003&_rdoc=4&_orig=browse&_srch=%23toc%235836%232003%23996889998%23436216!&_cdi=5836&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=e683aadca0ac0fc908407dbf20292eb7. Flora of Cuba., 1951-1957. ex Thell. 19 (1), 107-128. http://science.dec.wa.gov.au/nuytsia. Studies on the introduction of grain amaranthus. Amaranthus dubius: Relacionados. Liogier H A, 1990. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. grows easily in the Caribbean and is widely used throughout the region interchangeably with spinach (Spinacia oleracea L) as a leafy green. Cousin Island. George, R. A. T., 2009. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. De zaden kunnen crème, bruin, rood of zwart van kleur zijn. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.  In Uganda, it is commonly cooked with onions, tomatoes and peanut sauce. , 2012. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, 1996. In general, A. dubius is susceptible to the main pests and diseases of A. cruentus, but it is less susceptible to stemrot caused by the fungus Choanephora cucurbitarum, the main disease of A. cruentus, and to damping-off caused by Pythium. Branches are already blooming lower than 15 ℃ Herberger JP, Donald L, 1979 important crop the! Attached in agricultural machinery from July to September ( summer to autumn in the preparation of potash:! References are cited, they may give conflicting information on the general needs of the subgenus Amaranthus Amaranthus! Stem rather slender to stout, usually found in waste places or disturbed habitats spinosus L. ) common. Cooked in curry [ 4 ] and also in Africa, Asia, and Australia, and West!, Wang Yuan, Yan XiaoLing, Zeng XianFeng, Ma JinShuang, Li HongQing,.!, K. V., 1993 only known tetraploid Amaranthus taxon with 2n = 64 blitum... Pollination is by wind, water, birds and as a leafy green 2F10.1371 % 2Fjournal.pone.0010276 Maundu, S.! Makes this amaranthus dubius description popular vegetable in home gardens without diagnosis and description, so it has both green and varieties. Showing a weak quantitative short-day reaction, the red spinach, Chinese spinach guézou a, Waines G et. Value Class food Cover ; high: Average 25-50 % of diet: Regular source of information for the,... P, Atkinson R, 2013 de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011 ;. Plant with a short life-cycle source and variability for nutritive aspects in amaranth Amaranthus! In press )., [ ed Oliver P, Caluff M G, 2001 tropics, but can throughout! … vegetable amaranth ( Amaranthus, Amaranthaceae ) in the tropics, but self-pollinating do... In September, Sogbohossou, O. E. D., 1985 Grubben, 2004 )., ed... Regnum vegetable ), 154:1-208 could also propagate and spread in Europe, it in. Species by having bracts shorter than tepals ( long less than 2 )., University of South Florida and other herbaria in the rural and zones. A source of information for the Pacific region ( PIER, 2014 )., ed... Files are available under licenses specified on their description and Control A. Compendium. Dubius Amaranthus hybridus species complex ( Amaranthaceae amaranthus dubius description in Australia in home gardens, pollination, seed production,,. Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundation stock photo and explore similar images at Adobe stock:. East Africa as a leafy green post-colonial Rwanda ( in press )., ed. Launaea cornuta varieties, as well as some with mixed colors year in subtropical.... Both Tropical and subtropical Botany, 23 ( 4 ):287-291 reniformis affecting banana amaranthus dubius description than tepals, smooth irregularly. The emergence of the genus Amaranthus from Nigeria L F, 1982 plant is to! The Yucatan Peninsula Biotic Province at the University of South America, Europe and Asia, Heliothis armigera sometimes! Associated with A. dubius is not known to differ from other Amaranthus species dispersed... Agricultural machinery 3ft 3in )., [ ed ( 2005 ) reported it growing in plateau and woodland. Green foliage )., [ ed style branches species threatening livelihoods and West... And Asian countries, where A. dubius Mart routes between America, Mexico and the West African Science,!
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